Factors influencing survival of Fish based small and medium enterprises in Nyatike District, Migori County, Kenya

This study sought to establish factors influencing survival of fish based small and medium enterprises. Small business development is one approach being employed by many states in the world to realise the first Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger. Small businesses contribute to economic growth, poverty reduction, and enhancement of entrepreneurs' standards of living.

Relationship between employee demographic characteristics and their attitude towards performance contracting in Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute, Nairobi

For many developing countries that include Kenya, the public enterprise is the major vehicle for economic development with responsibilities for the effective management of infrastructure activities. Lackluster performances of these entities lead to the adoption of performance contracting as a means of performance management. Performance Management is a key processes that, when effectively carried out.ehelps employees know that their contributions are recognized and acknowledged.

Reproductive biology of common octopus octopus vulgaris (cuvier, 1797), on the Kenyan South Coast

Although common octopus catches are increasing globally, lack of information on the reproductive biology of the species has been a major concern in its management, particularly in Kenya. The present study aimed to investigate the reproductive biology of common octopus at Shimoni and Vanga on the Kenyan south coast. Sampling was undertaken monthly from November 2010 to November 2012 using a traditional fishing spear. The body weight (BW), total length (TL), dorsal mantle length (DML), ventral mantle length (VML) and gonad weight was recorded for each specimen.

Contribution of Africa’s Coastal and Marine Sectors to Sustainable Development

More than half of the world's population lives within 60 km of the shoreline, and in Africa trends in population growth indicate that this figure could rise to three quarters by the next century. The lives and reasonable aspirations for economic advancement of these coastal residents are inextricably linked to the productivity of coastal and marine resources. The coastal areas bordering the African continent have traditionally supported highly productive ecosystems from which fish and other aquatic resources have been harvested.

Life history traits of an equatorial common carp Cyprinus carpio population in relation to thermal influences on invasive populations

Marginal increment ratio analysis of scales collected from the exploited common carp Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) population of Lake Naivasha between June 2008 and November 2009 revealed they were valid for ageing purposes, with an annual growth check formed. Individuals were fast growing and only present to the age of 4 years. Growth was sexually dimorphic (females being faster growing) and the temporal pattern in the gonadosomatic index suggested reproduction was asynchronous and occurred throughout the sampling period.

Fishery, Reproductive and Feeding Biology of common octopus Octopus vulgaris Cuvier 1797, on the Kenyan South-coast

Although common octopus, Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797), catches are increasing globally, lack of information on the species biology and fishery has been a major concern in its management particularly in Kenya. Currently, the common octopus has been listed within the "Endangered Status" IUCN 2010 List of Threatened Species. The present study aims at investigating the fishery, reproductive and feeding biology of Octopus vulgaris from Shimoni and Yanga which are some of the major fish landing sites in the Kenyan South coast.

Ecology and role of zooplankton in the fishery of Lake Naivasha

Taxonomic composition, distribution, community structure and seasonality of Lake Naivasha zooplankton between 1978 and 1980 are described. The ecological status of the zooplankton in relation to prevailing ecological factors and the lakes fishery are discussed. Species composition of the zooplankton community in Lake Naivasha has been remarkably constant since first observations between 1929 and 1931.

Some aspects of the ecology and fishery of the mangrove crab Scylla Serrata (Forskal, 1755) in Gazi Bay, South Coast- Kenya

Crab fishery is important in Kenya as a source of proteins to the communities along the coast and foreign earnings to the country. About 12 tons of the mangrove crab, Scylla serrata (Forskal, 1755) is exported in foreign countries annually. Despite its importance, there are very few ecological studies done in Kenya to investigate factors affecting its distribution and abundance. This study was conceived with a goal to investigate the biotic and abiotic factors affecting the distribution of S. serrata and effects of various fishing gears on catch.

Gati na Mikoko: The Management of Waterfront Lands in Mombasa

A multi-institutional planning team headed by Coast Development Authority (CDA) in Kenya initiated an Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) process in 1994 on a pilot study site of Nyali- Bamburi-Shanzu area in Mombasa with an objective of providing a starting point for addressing urgent coastal issues facing the area and enriching the dialogue on how to address increasing urgent coastal management problems nationwide.

Management implications of the response of two tilapiine cichlids to long-term Changes in Lake level, allodiversity and exploitation in an equatorial lake

The tilapiine cichlids Oreochromis leucostictus and Tilapia zillii were introduced into Lake Naivasha, Kenya, in 1956. Previous studies on data collected to 1987 revealed they were persistent following establishment, despite environmental variability and exploitation. Recent data, however, suggest this persistence is under threat as data indicate some significant declines in aspects of their abundance since 1999. The influence of changes in lake level, allodiversity and fishing effort on this decline was tested and showed that a decline in lake level was a significant causal factor.


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