Breeding Cycle of Thalamita crenata (Latreille, 1829) at Gazi Creek (Maftaha Bay), Kenya

Thalamita crenata (Latreille, 1829) is a crustacean decapod that occurs in inter- and sub-tidal environments in the main water channels of the eastern Africa coast. The sandy pools at Gazi creek are areas for artisanal crab fishery. For this study, crabs were collected during low tide from April 1990–March 1991, sexed and measured (carapace width). Females were examined for ovary maturity which was recorded in four classes.

Prevalence of microbial contaminants in dairy concentrates in Nairobi peri-urban area

The presence of harmful pathogens and toxins in animal feeds is an important aspect of feed quality and has implications to animal and human health as well as the environment. To assess the distribution and levels of these microbiological feed contaminants in dairy cattle feeds, 100 dairy farmers were randomly selected in Nairobi area and the range of feed concentrates frequently used on the farms sampled. Using novel ELISA kits, the feed ingredients were analysed for aflatoxins, Salmonella spp ., E. coli and total microbial counts.

Environment for Development: An Ecosystems Assessment of Lake Victoria Basin Environmental andSocio-economic Status, Trends and Human Vulnerabilities

Discussions on social and policy dimensions of the Lake Victoria Basin (LVB) centre on the inhabitants of the basin and their livelihood strategies which are defined by environmental stewardship and natural resource utilization. This paper presents a contextual narrative of the people of the LVB and their livelihood. It sets the stage for an ecosystem assessment of the basin’s social and economic implication of natural resource state, trends and vulnerabilities.

Aquatic biodiversity of Lake Victoria Basin

Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa, with the largest freshwater fishery in the world. There are nine main affluent river basins (Sio, Nzoia, Yala, Nyando, Sondu-Miriu, Awach, Kuja, Mara, and Kagera), and one surface outlet, the River Nile. The basin has extensive wetlands and small water bodies, which have (or had) a hydrological connection with Lake Victoria and therefore constitute potential “refugia” for biotic and genetic diversity from the main lake. The biological diversity in these waters is known to be exceptional both in number of species and in their endemism.

Competitive strategies adopted by fish processing firms in Kenya

Over the past 20 years, the fisheries sub-sector has gradually evolved from a domestic consumption oriented industry to an export oriented industry with value added processing being applied. According to a report by the Fisheries department of the GOK of 2003, the fisheries sub-sector provides employment and income to over 500,000 Kenyans engaged in fish production and related enterprises. In terms of contribution to the gross domestic product (GDP), Kenya's fishing industry has accounted for 0.3% of GDP for the period 1999-2003.

Strategic Management Practices By Beach Management Units In Bondo Sub County, Kenya

Modern organizations are constantly interacting with competitive and turbulent marketplaces presenting new threats and opportunities. This calls upon the organizations to engage in strategic management practices in order to survive and achieve their corporate goals within these marketplaces. This study was designed to establish the extent at which strategic management practices are adopted by BMUs in Bondo Sub County. To achieve this objective, the study adopted a descriptive cross-sectional survey design, targeting all the 42 BMUs.

Factors Influencing Sustainability Of Smallholder Tea Production: A Case Of Women Farmers In Iriaini Tea Factory, Othaya Division, Nyeri County

Tea is the most popular drink in the world making the tea industry a booming global business. Kenya is the fourth top tea producer nation in the world and earns billions from the industry. The tea sector is mainly supplied by smallholder tea farmers who produce about 62 per cent of total tea production. Tea production is labour intensive and the industry provides jobs in remote rural areas, whereby millions of livelihoods around the world depend on tea picking and processing.

Regional approaches to ecosystem services in the Great Lakes of Africa(in review)

The African Great Lakes are among the world's most important aquatic ecosystems from the point of view of freshwater resources, biodiversity and carbon cycling. They are heavily utilised by the regional population for transportation, water supply, fisheries, waste disposal, recreation and tourism. However, evidence shows that environmental drivers are compromising ecosystem functioning and jeopardising the fundamental ser- Vices that largely determine people's livelihoods in Burundi, Congo, Ethiopia Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia.

Length-Weight And Diet Composition Of Selected Teleost Fishes From Kilifi County, Kenya

Sustainable exploitation of fishery resources requires knowledge of the population dynamics of the target resource. Studies have shown consistence and considerable decline in the densities and species richness of most coral reef fishes along the Kenya coast. Concerns over the sustainability of current fishing pressure on target fish species has led to recommendations on conducting population dynamics on those species.

The Role of Foreign Policy in Advancing Development Interests in Africa: a Case Study of Blue Economy in Kenya

In an undeniably incorporated world, nations have turned out to be reliant upon each other and therefore the activities of one nation influence others. Many nations have embarked on creating partnerships that are aimed to protect and enhance their interests in the international system and therefore cushion their citizens against unfavorable circumstances.

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