Spatial Characteristics of Drought Duration and Severity in the Upper Tana Basin

Drought is a recurring hazard in many countries of Africa, and Kenya is thus no exception. In the majority of the countries in the continent, drought affects agriculture, since it is predominantly rain-fed and is the mainstay of the economies in these countries. Various socioeconomic activities are highly prone to the impacts of drought. Since drought will always occur, there is and will always be need for understanding its various manifestations to ensure that the effects associated with its occurrence are managed in a sustainable manner.

Importance of camels in adapting to climate change in ASAL areas of Kenya

Over 70% of Kenya’s land mass consists of arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs). Camels are well adapted to the arid conditions of the ASALs and are reared in various pastoral communities in Northern Kenya. The dromedary is an important part of their livelihood, essential to their subsistence economy. Throughcamels, income to the household is generated through the sales of milk, meat, hides, animals, transportservices and the camel represents a saving bank. Furthermore, camel milk and meat are available for household food consumption.

The biology and fishery of plectorhinchus flavomaculatus. (Pisces: Haemulidae) from Mpunguti marine reserve.

This study describes the reproductive biology and fishery of Plectorhinchus flavomaculatus during the Northeast and Southeast monsoon within the Kenyan inshore marine waters. The study covers the period from January to December 2001. The results are based on 552 specimens collected from the Kisite Mpunguti Marine reserve, Shimoni using traditional traps. The population of this species showed an overall sex ratio of 1:1.3 in favour of the females. The ratio however did not depart significantly from the 1:1 male to female ratio (X 2 =5.899, p < 0.824, d.f =10). P.

Characterization of fish farming systems in Kiambu and Machakos counties, Kenya

Kenya’s fisheries sector has the potential to contribute significantly to the national economy through employment creation, earning foreign exchange, poverty reduction and food security provision. The purpose of this study was to characterize the fish farming and marketing practices in Kiambu and Machakos Counties in Kenya. To achieve this a cross-sectional survey design targeting fish farmers was conducted in Kiambu and Machakos Counties in Kenya.

A Study On Some Aspects Of The Distribution, Biology, Ecology And Fishery Of Cryfish (procambarus Clarkii Girard) Population In Lake Naivasha

A study was conducted on the distribution of the introduced Procamoarus clarkia of Lake Naivasha and its impact on the Naivasha system and vice versa.

Structure and Function of the Axillary Organ of the Gulf Toadfish, Opsanus beta (Goode and Bean)

The structure of the axillary organ of a batrachoidid species, the gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta Goode and Bean 1879), has been examined and several simple experiments designed to elucidate its function performed. Electron microscopy (EM) studies revealed cells and structures suggesting secretory and iono regulatory roles (e.g., abundant intracytoplasmic secretory particles, rough endoplasmic reticulum, sparse Golgi bodies, indented epithelial cells with microvilli, numerous endocytotic vesicles, etc.).

Factors Influencing Women Entrepreneurship: The Case Of Kibuyuni And Mkwiro Seaweed Farmers In The Coastal Region Of Kenya

Seaweed farming is a new concept recently introduced in the south coast of Kenya and has been practiced for 7 years with the purpose of assessing its performance and commercialising the activity targeting the global market. This has seen the Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute conduct feasibility research in the past fifteen years. Policies have also been effected to guide the implementation of the pilot projects and offer regulation for environmental conservation and equity in the use of Marine resources.

Aquatic biodiversity in Kenya: discoveries from the 2010-2012 international research experiences for students (IRES) expeditions

For three years, teams of undergraduate and graduate studen ts from the US and Kenya joined Kenyan and US researchers for five weeks of field and laboratory freshwater aquatic biodiversity research in Kenya with support from the U.S. National Science Foundation’s International Research Experiences for Students (IRE S) program and a pilot project from US Agency for International Development’s Partnership Enhancing Expertise in Research program (USAID - PEER).

Some Aspects Of Water Quality Characteristics In Small Shallow Tropical Man-made Reservoirs In Kenya

The water quality in eight small reservoirs (0.065-0.249 km2) in both the rugged escarpment landscape above the rift valley floor and the stepped plateau above them were studied between 1998 and 2000. Water transparency was measured using a 20cm Secchi visibility disk. Total dissolved solids (TDS) and electrical conductivity (specific conductance) with temperature compensation at 25oC were recorded in situ from a portable Jenway probe model 4075.

An Analysis of the Rural Livelihoods and the Sustainable Use of Osodo Wetland in the Sondu - Miriu River Basin in Kenya

Wetlands are areas permanently or periodically waterlogged and are important ecosystems for man through their socio-cultural and economic values. This research analyzes the rural livelihoods in relation to sustainable utilization of the Osodo wetland in Rachuonyo District. The objectives of this research were to establish the resources of the wetland and their utilization, to establish the cultural and ecological importance the wetland, and to identify factors influencing use of the wetland resources and their sustainability.

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